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CSS Fellows

2017

Nano Barahona headshot

Nano Barahona

Economics
FOOD LABELING AND INFORMATION: EFFECTS ON SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF NUTRITIONAL CONTENT

This project studies how the introduction of a nation-wide regulatory label based on the nutritional content of food products sold in supermarkets affects both the bundle of products demanded by consumers as well as the nutritional composition of food offered by companies. By looking at both demand and supply responses, this project studies the general equilibrium effects of information-based regulations intended to reduce obesity, contributing to our understanding of both public health and economic behavior.

Engin Bumbacher headshot

Engin Bumbacher

Graduate School of Education
Scientific Models as Guides for Disciplined Perception

Scientific data on relevant issues for our societies – global warming, vaccination, evolution theory, gene manipulation – is too complex and messy to provide clear and crisp stories that everyone agrees on. Such data is prone to cherry picking, where people can easily see what they expect to see and ignore the rest. Thus, an essential goal of science education is to teach students to be “critical observers,” i.e. participants of scientific conversations that use evidence from real-world data instead of ideologies or subjective beliefs to critically review and evaluate scientific claims.

Mu Jung Cho

MJ Cho

Communication
Lexicon-based Factuality Classification of Media Consumption Data

Factuality, defined as the degree of certainty about the factual status of a situation or an event, is one of the fundamental factors in several applied research fields such as machine translation and claim detection. This project will develop a lexicon-based method for factuality classification based on the theories and literature in computational linguistics. Previous work on factuality and other related concepts, such as modality, evidentiality, and uncertainty, have focused mainly on the sentence level and well-formed language data.

Caue Dobbin headshot

Caue Dobbin

Economics
Determinants of Inequality and Economic Opportunity Using Administrative Databases from Israel

Equality of opportunities is a topic of widespread interest, central to both academic and political discussions. Economic studies have traditionally estimated the intergenerational elasticity (IGE) in income. However, income based measures can greatly underestimate the intergenerational persistence of opportunities. Individuals from wealthy families often pursue careers which do not necessarily maximize their earnings (e.g. teachers, artists and academics), while those from less advantageous backgrounds might not have this choice.

Fernanda Herrera headshot

Fernanda Herrera

Communication
Using Virtual Reality to Understand Prejudice and to Reduce Implicit Biases

Understanding prejudice and the full extent of its consequences is difficult. Unless it is personally experienced, some people do not understand what it is like to be discriminated against based on their race or socio-economic status. Others don’t believe it occurs simply because it doesn’t happen to them or because they’re not prejudiced themselves. To address this issue, researchers have begun to integrate virtual reality (VR) and perspective-taking (i.e.

Alice Kathmandu

Graduate School of Education
Understanding the Global Gender Gap in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Engagement with Agent-based Simulation and Online Social-psychological Interventions

Despite educators and researchers’ concerted efforts, a gender gap in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields continues to persist across the globe. Overall, girls take fewer STEM courses relative to boys, and women acquire fewer Ph.D. degrees and occupy fewer tenure-track positions in STEM higher education institutions than men.

Josh Kim headshot

Josh Kim

Economics
Food Labeling and Information: Effects on Supply and Demand of Nutritional Content

This project studies how the introduction of a nation-wide regulatory label based on the nutritional content of food products sold in supermarkets affects both the bundle of products demanded by consumers as well as the nutritional composition of food offered by companies. By looking at both demand and supply responses, this project studies the general equilibrium effects of information-based regulations intended to reduce obesity, contributing to our understanding of both public health and economic behavior.

Chloe Lim headshot

Chloe Lim

Political Science
Covering Congress: The Impact of a Congressperson’s Roles on Her Coverage

Countless social scientists have spent their careers theorizing about and empirically teasing out the returns members of Congress receive for their efforts at policy making. These returns come in the form of pet projects, campaign donations, and future income. But, these payments are partly a means to an end—they allow members to raise their profile at home. Does this work? Do members who serve in more important roles receive more media attention?

Sebastian Otero headshot

Sebastian Otero

Economics
FOOD LABELING AND INFORMATION: EFFECTS ON SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF NUTRITIONAL CONTENT

This project studies how the introduction of a nation-wide regulatory label based on the nutritional content of food products sold in supermarkets affects both the bundle of products demanded by consumers as well as the nutritional composition of food offered by companies. By looking at both demand and supply responses, this project studies the general equilibrium effects of information-based regulations intended to reduce obesity, contributing to our understanding of both public health and economic behavior.

Will Qiu headhsot

Will Qiu

Sociology
Estimating the determinants of trust using online field experiments
The question of what makes people trust each other has renewed its importance in the era of the sharing economy. A number of recent research studies have shown that despite claims that the sharing economy can promote trust between individuals in society, the fact is anti-social behaviors such as discrimination are still widely experienced by certain groups of individuals on platforms like Airbnb and Uber. These revelations have revitalized long-standing research questions on trust. Namely, what causes feelings of trust and trustworthiness between individuals –particularly strangers –and what sort of structures can be implemented to engender a greater sense of generalized trust? The goal of this project is to use computationally-oriented experimental methods that can leverage new sources of data available online by conducting a set of online field experiments using subjects recruited from a large population of users both from within in the sharing economy as well as the general population. For part of the project, Will is collaborating with the online travel service kimkim as part of an effort to engineer trust between its users.
Dan Thompson headshot

Dan Thompson

Political Science
Covering Congress: The Impact of a Congressperson’s Roles on Her Coverage

Countless social scientists have spent their careers theorizing about and empirically teasing out the returns members of Congress receive for their efforts at policy making. These returns come in the form of pet projects, campaign donations, and future income. But, these payments are partly a means to an end—they allow members to raise their profile at home. Does this work? Do members who serve in more important roles receive more media attention?

Scott Williamson headshot

Scott Williamson

Political Science
Attributions of Responsibility in Non-Democratic Political Systems

Conducting public opinion research in non-democratic political systems can be difficult, because surveys often need to be censored and respondents may fear the consequences of providing honest answers. Recruiting respondents into online surveys with Facebook ads offers one potential strategy for addressing these issues. This study will use Facebook ads to implement a survey with embedded experiments exploring how individuals in non-democracies attribute responsibility for governance outcomes across different political actors.  

Tom Zohar headshot

Tom Zohar

Economics
Determinants of Inequality and Economic Opportunity Using Administrative Databases from Israel

Equality of opportunities is a topic of widespread interest, central to both academic and political discussions. Economic studies have traditionally estimated the intergenerational elasticity (IGE) in income. However, income based measures can greatly underestimate the intergenerational persistence of opportunities. Individuals from wealthy families often pursue careers which do not necessarily maximize their earnings (e.g. teachers, artists and academics), while those from less advantageous backgrounds might not have this choice.

2019

Yiming He photo

Yiming He

Economics
The effects of slum clearance on displaced residents: evidence from Victorian London

Yiming He is a PhD candidate in economics. He holds a dual BA in economics from Sciences-Po (the Paris Institute of Political Studies) and Columbia University. His research lies at the intersection of urban economics, economic history, and development economics. His current research investigates the impacts of various urban policies, including slum clearance and clean water technology, in the context of Victorian England.Yiming He is a PhD candidate in economics. He holds a dual BA in economics from Sciences-Po (the Paris Institute of Political Studies) and Columbia University.

Mufan Luo image

Mufan Luo

Communication
Understanding Live Broadcasting Media Events and Intensified Emotions

Mufan’s research examines interpersonal and psychological processes in social media and communication technology. She employs multiple methods (e.g., online and lab experiments, observational study) to investigate the bidirectional relationships between social media use and psychological well-being, affective and cognitive effects of engaging in broadcast live media events and the interpersonal dynamics of social exclusion in online settings.

 

Katrina Mueller-Gastell photo

Katariina Mueller-Gastell

Sociology
Formal Inclusion, Informal Exclusion: the Gender Differences in Social Interaction at Work

Katariina Mueller-Gastell is a PhD candidate in the Stanford Sociology department.  Katariina is interested in evaluation in organizations and labor market inequality. She studies how evaluators form assessments – of non-profits to fund or employees to hire – and how assessment procedures affect inequality. She also has a set of projects on gender differences in job search behavior and sorting into firms.

 

Franklin Qian

Economics
The Effect of High-skilled Firm Entry on Gentrification

Franklin Qian is a Ph.D. student in the Economics Department at Stanford University. His main research interests lie in the fields of labor economics, public economics, urban and real estate economics. He is passionate about using big data and computational tools together with causal inference techniques to study fundamental causes of spatial inequality and how to design better public policies to help the disadvantaged groups.

 

Rose Tan

Economics
The Effect of High-skilled Firm Entry on Gentrification
Austin van Loon picture

Austin van Loon

Sociology
Formal Inclusion, Informal Exclusion: the Gender Differences in Social Interaction at Work

Austin van Loon is a PhD candidate in the Stanford Sociology department. Austin’s areas of interest include social networks, computational methods, social psychology, and the sociology of culture. He studies organizational culture; political polarization; and the mechanisms of social network formation, maintenance, and change (especially in organizations).

 

Michael Webb photo

Michael Webb

Economics
The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Labor Market

I use the overlap between the text of patents and the text of job descriptions to predict the impact of artificial intelligence on jobs and wages. Applying the same method to historical episodes of technological change, I find that it correctly predicts which occupations were, in fact, impacted by each technology.